Pepperell Braiding Company manufactures cored and non-cored tubular braided candle wick. In general there are three types of wicks. Plaited or flat braid, square braid and tubular braid. We only manufacture the tubular braid. Our wicks are manufactured with 100% cotton. There are no chemical additives in our wicks.
The size of the wick depends on the number of ply's of cotton used to braid the product. For example, a wick made on a twelve-carrier braider (12 bobbins of yarn) is larger than a wick braided on an eight-carrier machine (8 bobbins of yarn) assuming the same size yarns are used.
There are square, tubular and flat braids depending on the type of braider used, but they are all constructed of ply's of yarn and hence more yarn means a bigger wick, which will burn hotter. This is a general assumption.
Wicks are rated in the amount of wax they consume in a one-hour period expressed in grams per hour. The general method of finding the "burn rate" is by setting the test wick in an unscented and un-dyed wax then weigh (in grams) and burn the sample for a set period of time. Re-weigh the sample and divide by the burn time to give you the "burn rate". This is how wicks are tested at the factory. Burn testing is only relative to the batch, NOT to another manufactures' product line.
Please note that it is imperative on the candle makers part to test a wick or wicks in the actual wax mix you will be using. Melt points, fragrance, dyes, container heat retention or lack of heat retention WILL effect the burn rate. Burn data provided by a manufacture are just generic generalized information generated by conducting the tests in an unscented and un-dyed wax at a mid-level melt point. The information provided by a manufacturer on burn rates is to get you in the ball park to start your testing. All testing is relative.
You may want to buy a precision steel ruler and take other measurements during your testing phase. We, Pepperell Braiding Company, also measure melt pool diameter, flame height, and carbon head diameter deposits if applicable. Good note taking is a must. For those who buy wicking bulk and un-waxed on a spool must also consider humidity. It is not uncommon for wicking to absorb excess moisture during hot and humid days. Wicking with high moisture content will perform poorly. Consider how the wick is stored prior to use.
The relationship between "burn rate" and wick sizes is as follows. The lower the "burn rate" the smaller the wick, and the higher the "burn rate" the larger the wick (more ply's of yarn). A lower "burn rate" will generate a small flame and a small melt pool diameter whereas a higher "burn rate" will generate a larger flame and a larger melt pool diameter.
Therefore, the relationship between "burn rate" and candle size is as follows. The smaller the candle diameter the smaller the wick (lower "burn rate") that should be applied. The larger the diameter of the candle, the larger the wick (higher "burn rate") that should be applied. Please note that the "burn rate" is just the starting point. Wax melt point, scents and dyes will vary the results. Therefore, use the "burn rate" data as a guide to start your testing.
Pepperell Braiding Candlewick Numbering System
Non-Cored (Coreless) Tubular Candle Wick Series
Bleached cotton - bright white in color - generally used for tapers, pillars and novelties.
SKU / Series
#630 Bleached Cotton Wick (Smallest Amount of Yarn in Braid-Smallest Burn Rate)
#500 Bleached Cotton Wick (Medium)
#360 Bleached Cotton Wick (Large)
#200 Bleached Cotton Wick (Extra Large)
#130 Bleached Cotton Wick (Largest Amount of Yarn in Braid-Highest Burn Rate)
Cored Tubular Candle Wick Series
All natural cotton yarns - tan color - generally used for votives, containers and some pillars.
SKU / Series
#807 Natural Cotton Braid Wick (Smallest Amount of Yarn in Braid-Smallest Burn Rate)
#838 Natural Cotton Braid Wick (Medium)
#1200 Natural Cotton Braid Wick (Large)
#1400 Natural Cotton Braid Wick (Large+)
#40032 Natural Cotton Braid Wick (Extra Large)
#60048 Natural Cotton Braid Wick (Super Large-Highest Burn Rate)
*Core types include paper, cotton, hemp and zinc. Core size ~18 gauge.
Example: #807 with a paper core would be called #807P.
Example: #60048 with a zinc core would be called #60048Z
Coreless Flat / Plaited Series Candle Wick
SKU / Series
TG1808 Plaited wick, cotton-26 ply, Wick hooks to side to minimize carbon heads. This is a typical characteristic of plaited (flat) braided wicks. Usually minimizes carbon balls.
||Flat braid candle wick
||per Pound on Spool
||$48.60 per Pound|
||Flat braid candle wick
||50 Yard Spool
||$11.87 per 50 Yards|
Special Candle Wick Series
GelWick™ (Zinc Core) Tested in Penreco Versagel
GelWick™ (Hemp Core) Tested in Penreco Versagel
#1173 Natural Cotton Braid (Very Small Braid-Typically used for “T-Lites”) - Call to Order
#4/2 Waxed and Tabbed Braid (Very Small Braid-Typically used for “T-Lites”) - Call to Order
#JUTE Twist (Available pre-waxed and tabbed) Jute is a sister of Hemp. - Call to Order